National and State Resources
Alathari, L., Drysdale, D., Driscoll, S., Carlock, A., & Cutler, M. (2023). Mass attacks in public spaces: 2016 – 2020. National Threat Assessment Center, U.S. Secret Service, U.S. Department of Homeland Security. https://www.hsdl.org/c/abstract/?docid=874514
Alathari, L., Drysdale, D., Driscoll, S., Blair, A., Mauldin, D., Carlock, A., McGarry, J., Cotkin, A., Nemet, J., Johnston, B., & Vineyard, N. (2020) Mass Attacks in Public Spaces. National Threat Assessment Center, U.S. Secret Service, U.S. Department of Homeland Security. https://www.hsdl.org/?abstract&did=842250
Marjory Stoneman Douglas High School Public Safety Commission (January 1, 2019). Initial Report Submitted to the Governor, Speaker of the House of Representatives and Senate President. http://www.fdle.state.fl.us/MSDHS/CommissionReport.pdf
NASP School Safety and Crisis Response Committee. (2020). Behavior threat assessment and management: Best practice considerations for K–12 schools. National Association of School Psychologists. https://www.nasponline.org/btam
NASP, Safe and Sound Schools, & NASRO. (2021). Best practice considerations for armed assailant drills in schools. National Association of School Psychologists. https://www.nasponline.org/resources-and-publications/resources-and-podcasts/school-safety-and-crisis/systems-level-prevention/best-practice-considerations-for-armed-assailant-drills-in-schools
National Threat Assessment Center. (2019). Protecting America’s schools: A US Secret Service analysis of targeted school violence. US Secret Service, Department of Homeland Security. https://www.secretservice.gov/sites/default/files/2020-04/Protecting_Americas_Schools.pdf
National Threat Assessment Center. (2021) Averting School Violence: A U.S. Secret Service analysis of plots against schools. U.S. Department of Homeland Security, United States Secret Service. https://www.secretservice.gov/sites/default/files/reports/2021-03/USSS%20Averting%20Targeted%20School%20Violence.2021.03.pdf
Office of the Child Advocate. (2014). Shooting at Sandy Hook Elementary School: Report of the office of the child advocate. Office of the Child Advocate: State of Connecticut. https://portal.ct.gov/-/media/OCA/SandyHook11212014pdf.pdf
Reeves, M., & McCarthy, C. (2021) Upholding Student Civil Rights and Preventing Disproportionality in Behavioral Threat Assessment and Management (BTAM). National Association of School Psychologists. http://www.nasponline.org/btam-sped
Allely, C. S., & Faccini, L. (2019). Clinical profile, risk, and critical factors and the application of the “path toward intended violence” model in the case of mass shooter Dylann Roof. Deviant Behavior, 40(6), 672-689.
Lankford, A., Adkins, K., & Madfis, E. (2019). Are the deadliest mass shootings preventable? An assessment of leakage, information reported to law enforcement, and firearms acquisition prior to attacks in the United States. Journal of Contemporary Criminal Justice, 35(3), 315-341. https://doi.org/10.1177/1043986219840231
Cox, J. W. (2021). Children under fire: an American crisis. Harper Collins.
Follman, M. (2022). Trigger Points: Inside the mission to stop mass shootings in America. Harper Collins.
Langman, P. (2009). Why kids kill: Inside the minds of school shooters. Macmillan.
Langman, P. (2015). School shooters: Understanding high school, college, and adult perpetrators. Rowman & Littlefield.
Langman, P. (2021). Warning signs: Identifying school shooters before they strike. Langman Psychological Associates, LLC.
Peterson, J., & Densley, J. (2021). The violence project: How to stop a mass shooting epidemic. Abrams.
Schweit, K. (2021). Stop the Killing: How to End the Mass Shooting Crisis. Rowman & Littlefield.
Shahid, S., & Duzor, M. (2021, June 1). VOA Special Report: History of mass shooters. Veterans Affairs Organization News. https://projects.voanews.com/mass-shootings/
Brooks, David (July 7,2022). “Why Mass Shooters Do the Evil They Do.” New York Times. https://www.nytimes.com/2022/07/07/opinion/mass-shooters-motive.html
National Association of School Psychologists (2020, February 16) NASP and NASRO Urge Accuracy With Regard to Lockdown Versus Other Types of Armed Assailant Drills. [Press Release] https://www.nasponline.org/about-school-psychology/media-room/press-releases/nasp-and-nasro-urge-accuracy-with-regard-to-lockdown-versus-other-types-of-armed-assailant-drills